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Basic Knitting Techniques for Beginners

As you begin with knitting, you may find it difficult to consistently follow the given patterns. Creating the first set of stitches might feel awkward at the start, but don’t give up. Just think of the beautifully mastered items that you aim to create, and believe that you definitely can! To make it easier, we’ve prepared for you these step-by-step videos and guidelines about the basic techniques to use in knitting.

How to hold your needles and yarn?

It actually depends upon one’s personal preference. Once you’ve started developing your skills in this activity, you’ll eventually discover the style in handling the yarn and needles that work for you. However, there are two different ways on how knitters wrap the yarn around the needles. Such styles are classified as the Continental and the English method.

The Basics of Hand Knitting:

Creating a slip knot – is the first step to begin knitting. A knot is the very first stitch a knitter creates in order to come up with a number of stitches. It fastens the yarn to your needles so you can cast on the rest of the stitches. Here’s a step-by-step guide :

1. Pick up the yarn 6-8” from the end.

step1

2. Twist your fingers clockwise to form a loop.

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3. Expand the loop as you place your two fingers inside.

step3

4. Pull the tail and tight knot halfway.

step4

5. Insert your knitting needle inside the loop and pull both ends to create a tight knot.

step6

Tools And Materials In Knitting

Studies have shown that knitting can reduce stress and provide relief for sufferers of depression and anxiety. The complex problem solving and repetition have effects on the brain similar to meditation and can help protect your brain against aging. Enjoy the creative satisfaction of making something heartfelt, warm, and beautiful!

Tools and materials

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You don’t need very many things to get started, and your first set of needles will take you far. If you have a friend or family member who’s been knitting for ages, you can probably borrow all the supplies you need for this class! 

Experienced knitters become collectors of tools and materials. Don’t let this intimidate you! Collections build gradually over time as you take on different projects.

To start this class and knit the first two projects, pick up a 14 inch (35cm) pair of size 10 (6mm) straight needles and some chunky-weight yarn.

To complete all projects in the class, here’s the complete list of tools:

  • 14 inch (35cm) pair of size 10 (6mm) straight needles
  • size 8 (5mm) circular needle
  • size 8 (5mm) double-pointed needles (DPNs)
  • stitch markers (or small lengths of a contrasting color yarn)
  • scissors
  • yarn needle
  • crochet hook (for fixing mistakes)

and supplies:

  • scarf projects (total): 600-900 yds (550-820m) chunky weight yarn such as six balls Lion Brand Yarn Wool-Ease Chunky (three balls per scarf– stitches in light colors are easier to see)
  • hat project: 350 yds (320m) worsted weight yarn across two colors, such as two balls Lion Brand Yarn Wool-Ease
  • mittens project: 350 yds (320m) worsted weight yarn in one color, can be same yarn as hat

Needle case shown is by The Circular Solution “Sticks” case.

Needle Types

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Different knitting projects require different types and sizes of knitting needles. Depending on the size of the project (think sweater vs. sock), needles come in different lengths. These different length needles also come in a variety of sizes (noted in US and/or metric or sometimes UK or Japanese), which refers to the diameter. Choosing the right needles for your project is a critical decision that affects the resulting size and density of the knit, as well as your comfort while constructing it.

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Most beginner projects start on a pair of two straight needles in the medium size range (8-10.5 or 5-6.5mm). Each straight needle has an end cap to prevent stitches from falling off the ends of the needles. Stitches are knit from the left needle to the right needle until a row is complete, then the needle positions are swapped to start the next row. Straight needles are suited to flat projects like scarves, and can vary in length.

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Projects like sweaters, hats, mittens, and socks aren’t flat. They are more like seamless knitted tubes. Where a tube is needed, circular needles are used to knit projects in the round. Stitches are knit from the left needle to the right needle in a continuous pattern– imagine a spiral staircase. Additionally, the flexible nature of circular needles makes them suited to knit very large projects that would be impractical with straight needles, like blankets. They are available in varying lengths.

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Double pointed needles are also used for knitting in the round, but typically only when the project is too small for circular needles, like socks, sleeve cuffs, and hats. They come in sets of four, five, or six.

Needle Materials

Knitting needles are made out of different materials, which provide different amounts of friction to your yarn. You’ll choose the material based partially on the yarn type, and partially based on your own preference for weight and stitching style.

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Metal needles have the least amount of friction. Their ultra smooth surface lets stitches glide easily, and produces an audible clinking as you work.

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Plastic needles provide more friction than metal and are very lightweight. They are affordable and easy to use.

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Wooden needles have been around for centuries. They provide the most friction of the materials listed so far, and can be super lightweight or have end caps that provide different amounts of counterweight.

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Carbon fiber needles usually have metal tips, which gives them the lightweight style of a plastic needle with the precision and slipperiness of metal. They are also ultra durable!

As you can see, knitting needles are available for every flavor of project and knitter out there, but don’t feel overwhelmed! Over time you’ll learn your preferences for needle material, and you can always swap or give your less favorites to a fellow knitter, whose taste may be very different from your own.

Yarn Weights & Fibers

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Yarn comes in different thicknesses or “weights” commonly referred to by the following terms:

  • Lace: the thinnest, and made for just what it’s called!
  • Super fine aka FingeringBaby-weight, or Sock: the second-thinnest classification perfect for delicate projects
  • Fine aka Sport-weight: for thick socks and fine-gauge sweaters
  • Light worsted aka Double knitting (DK): versatile middle-weight for sweaters and more
  • Medium aka Worsted-weight aka Aran: great for cozy blankets, warm sweaters, and winter accessories
  • Bulky aka Chunky: perfect for winter accessories like scarves and hats
  • Super bulky: the thickest strand of yarn, projects made with bigger yarn take fewer stitches (and less time) to knit!

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You can find yarn made from different materials, too! Material blends are common and maximize desirable properties, for example a wool/acrylic yarn may have the luxurious feel of wool with the affordability of acrylic.

  • Wool: animal fiber from sheep, available in varying softness and broad range of prices
  • Fleece: (cashmere, angora, mohair): animal fiber from goat (mohair) or rabbit (angora), soft and more expensive
  • Cotton: plant fiber, affordable but not very stretchy
  • Silk: animal fiber from silkworms, soft, durable, pricey
  • Acrylic: synthetic plastic fiber, affordable, soft, durable, and easy to launder
  • Novelty: various materials

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Stitch Markers

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These are small rings you’ll put on your needles to keep track of sections of stitches without constantly counting. Stitch markers are available in a variety of materials and styles that range from utilitarian to whimsical. In a pinch, you can use a knotted loop of contrasting color yarn instead of a stitch marker!

Yarn Needles and Scissors

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To weave in yarn ends at the end of a project, you’ll need a large tapestry needle with a blunt tip.

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Scissors are essential but they don’t have to be big or fancy (and your nail clippers will work in a pinch).

 

Courseware Knitting

In this knitting class, I’ll teach you the basics of hand knitting. Whether you’re an absolute novice or you want to refresh some rusty skills, this beginner class will get you going! You’ll be guided through making cozy scarves, hats, and mittens while learning the tools, fibers, and vocabulary you need to take on any knitting project after the class is complete. You’ll put in the necessary practice during this class to establish consistency in your own knitting style, which is the key to creating even, professional looking finished projects! You can look my courseware to help you learn about knitting. Click the link below.

https://www.flipsnack.com/ilyazainal/knitting-latest.html

RUBRIC

A scoring rubric is an attempt to communicate expectations of quality around a task. This rubric will be a guide by students when planning their work. Here is the rubric for your guideline in producing phone cover using knitting technique.

KNITTING – PHONE COVER

Bil

Aspect

Criteria

Score
Excellent (10M) Good (6M)

Poor (3M)

1. Following direction Followed directions very well. Could not have done any better. Followed some directions, but not all. Did not follow directions.
2. Use of Materials and Tools Used materials and tools exactly according to directions. Used materials and tools  partially according to directions. Did not use materials and tools according to instructions.
3. Creativity Showed much creativity in use of materials and colors. Showed only some creativity in use of materials and colors. Did not show any creativity in use of materials and colors.
4. Process and Techniques Apply variety of skill, processes and techniques in the production of work in a clarified and systematic manner. Apply only some skill, processes and techniques in the production of work. Did not apply skill, processes, techniques in the production of work without in a clarified and systematic manner.
5. Product Produce product according to specifications and quality. Produce product partially according to specifications and quality. Produce product without specifications and quality.
6. Use of Time Used time to the best of ability. Finished with time to clean. Worked on project at appropriate speed. Finished the project. Worked on project at appropriate speed. Rushed while cleaning up. Did not finish the project/on time. Rushed through Project.

rubric

Introduction

In this knitting class, I’ll teach you the basics of hand knitting. Whether you’re an absolute novice or you want to refresh some rusty skills, this beginner class will get you going! You’ll be guided through making knit flower while learning the tools, fibers, and vocabulary you need to take on any knitting project after the class is complete. You’ll put in the necessary practice during this class to establish consistency in your own knitting style, which is the key to creating even, professional looking finished projects!

Week 4 Instructional System Design: Theory and Model

  1. What are the primary types of criteria used to analyze learners?
  2. Why are learning objectives is important?
  3. What are the four component crafting a good learning objectives?

ANSWER :

  1. What are the primary types of criteria used to analyze learners?

ASSURE is an instructional design model that has the goal of producing more effective teaching and learning. “ASSURE” is an acronym that stands for the various steps in the model. The following is a breakdown of each step.

ASSURE-model-stages

2. Why are learning objectives is important?

I do agree that teachers need to start off any lesson with the goal in mind, but teachers need a “hook” that will engage ad excite the students right from the get go. Learning objectives such as “Students will know, or students will be able to do…” are not only for the students, but for the teachers as well. This is the foundation that keeps teachers from becoming off course, and it also helps students to stay on track as well. Using this as a rubric works well too, because students can refer to it, and make sure they are learning what they need to be learning throughout the lesson. Clear, simple, and explicit objectives will also help students to be less stressed. Often when the objectives are not clear, students end up trying to memorize every tiny detail within the lesson, and ultimately become stressed or overwhelmed. I don’t believe for a second any students wants to be lectured to. I feel any student learns better through a variety of hands on, visual, and auditory activities

3. What are the four component crafting a good learning objectives?

Qualities-of-Objectives

A for ACTOR:

Every learning objective should state something that the learner should do. Sometimes, your objective may refer to the “actor” in general terms such as “the learner” or “you.” Other times, you may identify the actor by his or her job role, such as “the customer service representative” or “the press operator.” Regardless, remember that each learning objective states something that the actor must be able to do after the training. This is the “WHO?” of your objective.

 

B for BEHAVIOR:

Every learning objective should state something that the learner must do—a behavior of some sort. This may be something as simple as stating a definition or it may be something more “physical,” such as performing an action. But it must be some form of observable behavior, not something unobservable like “know,” “understand,” or “appreciate.” This is the “WHAT?” of your objective.

 

C for CONDITIONS:

Many times, your learner will have to perform the learning objective’s behavior within a set of given conditions. For example, you might say “given a list of words, circle the ones that are part of a given machine,” or “given a wrench, tighten this bolt,” or “given a schematic diagram, correctly identify the machines in a work area.” This is the “HOW?” of your objective.

 

D for DEGREE:

This part of the learning objective explains the criteria for performing the task well enough. Examples here include “in less than ten minutes,” or “with 90% accuracy,” or “90 times an hour.” This is the “HOW WELL?” of your objective.